Objective: The objective of these worksheets is to help students move past the basic understanding of the parts of speech. With this book, students will move on to more advanced topics and learn the parts of speech on a deeper level.
Throughout the book students will be asked to practice using their knowledge of the parts of speech within the context of writing. In this way, students will see the practical purposes of learning these skills.
The first section begins with a review of the parts of speech. Just like the Primary Edition, the students learn tricks to help memorize each part of speech. The students may draw a study picture or chant a phrase that contains the definition and a sample word. For example, a clown will represent a noun. A clown at a circus in the center ring helps them remember that a noun is a person (clown), place (circus), or thing (ring). Notice that if you say the previous sentence in a certain way, it rhymes which again, is a trick to help the students learn the definition of a noun. Throughout the unit on nouns, the students expand on the noun/clown concept and add dimensions representing common-proper, singular-plural, and possessive nouns. There is a trick for each part of speech.
As you teach the worksheets, it helps to write each part of speech on a poster along with their definitions and a sample of it. The students are able to use this as a reference as they complete the worksheets and as they write.
There may be more worksheets on a given topic than you actually need. Many of these worksheets come from multiple editions of Standards Based Grammar. It is better to have too much than not enough so I’ve included as many worksheets as possible. Use your own discretion when deciding how much is needed for your students to master each skill.
One of the goals for these worksheets is to have the students apply their knowledge of the parts of speech within their writing. Many of the worksheets require that the students practice the parts of speech within an actual writing situation. The extensions will give them immediate practice and help them see the practical application of the parts of speech.
Does this book meet the Common Core State Standards?
Because this book is covering the parts of speech as a whole, the standards covered will span multiple grade levels. As such, this book makes a great resource for teachers of grades 3, 4, 5, and 6 to use as a review for the standards from previous grade levels as well as a resource for meeting the needs of their current grade level.
While many of the worksheets directly meet several of the Common Core State Standards, especially from grades 2 through 6, I’ve discovered a more important advantage of this book. The CCSS has a heavy emphasis on rigor. Because of this, many students are not prepared for the standards required for their grade level. Teachers are forced to reteach (often it is more like re-introducing) students to many concepts. I’ve used many of these worksheets with students who have yet to master the grammar skills from previous grades. Consequently, these students seem to grasp the more challenging topics of our grade level more easily.
The rigor continues into middle school. As I have prepared new lessons for my seventh and eighth grade students, it is obvious that without a solid grasp of the basics of grammar, the students are going to fall further and further behind. Trying to teach gerunds and participles to students who have not mastered the basics of grammar will be like trying to teach quantum physics to kindergarteners. They are completely unprepared.
Should I begin with the Primary Edition of The Parts of Speech?
Students who struggle with grammatical concepts will definitely need to start with the primary edition. It moves through each part of speech at a much slower pace and gives students the time and practice they need to achieve mastery. However, by fifth grade, even struggling students should have been exposed to the parts of speech enough to have a basic idea of the concepts.
For students from fifth grade and up, I would go ahead and begin with the secondary edition. This edition does offer the students an opportunity to learn and master each of the parts of speech. The proficiency of the students will dictate the speed at which you, the teacher, progress through the book. The students can continue to review the basic concepts such as definitions and identifying the parts of speech as they work on the more challenging concepts.